Powell speech sends positive signal to investors

US equities finished the week in positive territory on the back of hopes that the Federal Reserve is beginning to slow its monetary tightening policy, writes Ian Slattery. 

Investors reacted positively on Wednesday when Fed Chair Jerome Powell struck a more dovish tone in his comments, leading many to expect a pivot in policy from the Fed in the coming weeks.

Optimistic sentiment however was weakened to some extent on Friday when the US employment figures were released. The figures showed that US non-farm employment increased by 263,000 in October. This was far higher than the 200,000 expected by economists.

The news of a strong jobs market and steady demand for labour does not bode well for inflation, as a result some investors have begun to price in the possibility of a 75 basis point rate hike in December from the Fed, expectations were at 50 basis points on Wednesday.

In fixed income, the benchmark US 10 Year Treasury Yield ended last week at 3.52%, while the 2 Year Treasury Yield which is more sensitive to changes in interest rates finished the week at 4.28%.

The US dollar moved higher against a basket of peers on Friday as risk-off sentiment coincided with higher US rate expectations, the Euro/Dollar exchange rate finished the week at 1.057.

Within Europe equities were somewhat subdued gaining 1.3% the past week. Eurozone inflation figures for November were released on Wednesday and showed that inflation in the 19-country Bloc had fallen to 10%. This is a decrease from 10.6% in October and the first fall in 17 months. Hopes that inflation in the Eurozone is slowing remain tentative, however the growing consensus is that global inflation has peaked.

Finally Asian equities continue to be led by Chinese Covid Policy. With Chinese officials making slow but significant shifts towards looser controls surrounding Covid-19 infections, optimism for Chinese assets have heightened. Hong Kong equities climbed 6.4% last week in Euro terms, as investors bet on a reopening of the world’s second largest economy.

Equities

Global stocks were up last week by 1.7% in euro terms and 2.5% In local terms. Year-to-date global markets was down -6.7% in euro terms and -14.1% In local terms. The US market, the largest in the world, were up 2.1% in euro terms and 2.8% in local terms.

Fixed Income & FX

The US 10-year yield finished at 3.52% last week. The German equivalent finished at 1.84%. The Irish 10-year bond yield finished at 2.28%. The Euro/US Dollar exchange rate finished at 1.06, whilst Euro/GBP finished at 0.87.

Commodities

Oil finished the week at $82 per barrel and is up 17.4% year-to-date in euro terms. Gold finished the week at $1,795 per troy ounce and is up 5.6% year-to date in euro terms. Copper finished the week at $8,433 per tonne.

The week ahead

Monday 5th December

US ISM non manufacturing PMI is released.

Thursday 8th December

US Initial Jobless Claims goes to print.

Friday 9th December

US and Chinese PPI along with US consumer sentiment are released.


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